WESTERN RED CEDAR (Thuja plicata)
Size at 250 years: 100-160 feet tall, 2-8 feet in diameter
Life Span: 1,000+ years
Leaves: Small, overlapping, scale-like leaves that form sprays that are a shiny-dark green in color, 1/16 to 1/8″ long.
Cones: 3/4″ long and brown
The bark of the Western Red Cedar is cinnamon-red on young stems and gray on old trunks. It is also fibrous and shredding. This tree can be found on moist hillsides beside streams and is often found with Western Hemlock. Western Red Cedar is very resistant to rot, and as such it is the chief wood used for roofing shakes or shingles .
Native Indians used Western Red Cedar for totem poles and canoes and it’s bark was often woven into baskets, nets, and fabric for clothing.